Fowler Orthodontics

How Do Braces Work?

Braces have long been a trusted solution in orthodontics, offering a path to straighter teeth, improved oral health, and enhanced confidence in your smile. At Fowler Orthodontics, we understand the importance of orthodontic treatment and are committed to providing the best care possible. In this article, we will explore the fascinating world of braces, delving into the science behind how they work and the unique approach we take at Fowler Orthodontics.

Orthodontic treatment is more than just aesthetics; it’s about creating a healthy, functional bite and ensuring that your teeth serve you well for a lifetime. We’ll unravel the mystery of braces, from the components that make up these devices to the meticulous process of moving teeth into their optimal positions. Join us on this journey to discover how braces can transform not only your smile but also your overall oral health.

Fowler Orthodontics takes pride in offering tailored solutions to address your specific orthodontic needs. Whether you’re seeking treatment for misaligned teeth, bite issues, or other orthodontic concerns, our team of experts is here to guide you through the process. Let’s dive into the world of braces and gain a deeper understanding of how they work their magic.

Are you ready to uncover the science and artistry behind braces? Let’s get started.

Understanding Orthodontic Issues

Before we delve into the intricacies of how braces work, it’s essential to have a solid grasp of the orthodontic issues they aim to address. Orthodontic problems can vary from person to person, and each case is unique. However, some common issues that braces can effectively treat include:

Misaligned Teeth

This is one of the most prevalent orthodontic issues. Misalignment can manifest as overcrowding, spacing gaps, or teeth that are rotated or tilted. Misaligned teeth not only affect your smile’s aesthetics but can also impact your oral health and overall well-being.

Bite Problems

Bite issues can fall into two main categories: overbites (upper teeth overlap the lower ones), underbites (lower teeth protrude in front of the upper ones), and crossbites (teeth don’t align correctly). These problems can lead to difficulties in chewing, speaking, and even facial discomfort.

Crooked Teeth

Crooked teeth not only affect the appearance of your smile but can also make cleaning and maintaining good oral hygiene more challenging. This increases the risk of dental issues such as cavities and gum disease.

Jaw Misalignments

Severe orthodontic cases may involve issues with the alignment of the jaw. These problems can lead to discomfort, difficulty chewing, and even temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders.

Orthodontic treatment aims to correct these issues by gradually moving teeth into their proper positions. Braces are a versatile and effective tool for achieving these goals. They apply controlled forces to the teeth, encouraging them to shift over time. By understanding the specific orthodontic issues you’re facing, your orthodontist can develop a customized treatment plan to address your unique needs.

Components of Braces

Braces may appear complex at first glance, but they consist of several key components that work together to gradually move your teeth into their desired positions. Understanding these components is essential to grasp how braces work effectively. Here are the main parts of traditional braces:


Brackets are small, square-shaped attachments that are bonded to the front of each tooth using a special adhesive. These brackets serve as anchors for the other components of the braces.


Archwires are thin, metal wires that run through the brackets and apply pressure on your teeth. These wires are responsible for moving your teeth into the desired positions. Over time, orthodontists will replace these wires with thicker or more flexible ones to continue the progress of teeth alignment.


Bands are metal rings that are cemented around your back teeth (usually molars). They act as anchors for the archwires and provide stability to the entire orthodontic structure.


Elastics, also known as rubber bands, are used to correct bite issues or jaw misalignments. They connect various brackets and apply the necessary force to adjust the relationship between the upper and lower teeth or jaws.

Spacers or Ligatures

Spacers are small rubber rings that hold the archwires in place within the brackets. They come in various colors and allow for flexibility in personalizing your braces. Ligatures can be metal or elastic and serve the same purpose of securing the archwires to the brackets.

Hooks, Coils, and Springs

Orthodontists may use additional components like hooks, coils, and springs to address specific orthodontic issues. Hooks can hold elastics, while coils and springs help create space or adjust tooth positioning.

Rubber Bands

Rubber bands, also known as ligatures, are used to secure the archwires to the brackets. They come in various colors and allow for personalization of your braces.

Spacers or Bands

Spacers, also known as bands, are placed around your back teeth (usually molars) to provide stability for the entire orthodontic structure.

Each of these components plays a vital role in the effectiveness of your braces. Your orthodontist carefully selects and adjusts them to create the optimal force needed to move your teeth gradually. By working together, these components guide your teeth into their ideal positions over time, giving you the beautiful smile you desire.

Fowler Orthodontics utilizes the latest advancements in orthodontic technology, ensuring that you receive the most effective and comfortable treatment possible.

Fowler Orthodontics Approach

At Fowler Orthodontics, we take a personalized and patient-centered approach to orthodontic treatment. Our goal is to provide you with the highest quality care while ensuring your comfort and satisfaction throughout your orthodontic journey. Here’s how we approach orthodontic treatment to help you understand how braces work with us:

Comprehensive Evaluation

Our orthodontic journey begins with a thorough evaluation of your oral health, including a detailed examination of your teeth, bite, and jaw. We use advanced imaging and diagnostic tools to create a customized treatment plan tailored to your specific needs.

Customized Treatment Plans

We understand that no two smiles are the same. That’s why we develop individualized treatment plans that address your unique orthodontic concerns and goals. Whether you need traditional braces, Invisalign, or another orthodontic solution, we’ll recommend the most suitable option for you.

Cutting-Edge Technology

Fowler Orthodontics stays at the forefront of orthodontic technology. We use state-of-the-art equipment and innovative techniques to ensure the most efficient and effective treatment possible. This commitment to technology helps you achieve your desired results while minimizing discomfort and treatment duration.

Expert Orthodontists

Our team consists of highly skilled and experienced orthodontists who are dedicated to delivering exceptional care. Dr. Fowler and his team are passionate about orthodontics and are committed to helping you achieve a beautiful, healthy smile.

Patient Education

We believe that an informed patient is better equipped to make decisions about their orthodontic treatment. Throughout your journey, we’ll provide you with all the information you need, answer your questions, and guide you on how to care for your braces properly.

Comfort and Convenience

We understand that orthodontic treatment is a significant commitment, which is why we strive to make your experience as comfortable and convenient as possible. We offer flexible appointment scheduling, convenient locations, and friendly, accommodating staff to ensure your visits are stress-free.

Support and Follow-Up

Our commitment to your smile doesn’t end when your braces come off. We’ll provide you with guidance on post-treatment care and retention to maintain your beautiful smile for years to come.

By choosing Fowler Orthodontics, you’re selecting a team that not only understands how braces work but also prioritizes your well-being and satisfaction. We’re here to support you on your journey to a healthier, more confident smile.

How Braces Move Teeth

Understanding how braces work to move teeth is a fundamental aspect of orthodontic treatment. At Fowler Orthodontics, we employ time-tested principles and advanced techniques to ensure the most effective tooth movement while ensuring your comfort throughout the process.

Application of Force

Braces work by applying a controlled force to your teeth. This force is strategically directed to the specific teeth that need to be repositioned. Brackets, which are attached to each tooth, serve as anchors for this force.


Archwires are the wires that connect the brackets on your teeth. These wires play a crucial role in braces’ ability to move teeth. Over time, the archwires exert pressure on your teeth, gently guiding them into their desired positions.

Bone Remodeling

As pressure is applied to your teeth, the bone surrounding them gradually remodels to accommodate their new positions. This process is called bone remodeling and is a key factor in how braces work to create a straighter smile.

Periodic Adjustments

Orthodontic treatment involves periodic adjustments to your braces. During these appointments at Fowler Orthodontics, we’ll replace your archwires with slightly thicker ones. This step increases the pressure on your teeth, facilitating further movement. These adjustments are essential for achieving the desired results.

Different Braces Types

The mechanics of braces remain the same, whether you have traditional metal braces or newer options like Invisalign. However, the materials and technology used may vary. Invisalign, for instance, uses a series of clear aligners to achieve tooth movement without wires and brackets.

Individualized Treatment

One of the key aspects of our approach at Fowler Orthodontics is that your treatment is tailored to your unique needs. We consider factors like the degree of misalignment, your age, and your oral health when planning your orthodontic journey.

Patient Compliance

Successful orthodontic treatment also relies on patient compliance. This means following your orthodontist’s instructions, including wearing any prescribed appliances or rubber bands. Consistent compliance can help ensure the effectiveness of your treatment.

Comfortable Progress

Braces work gradually and comfortably. While you may experience some mild discomfort or pressure during adjustments, the process is typically well-tolerated, especially with modern advancements in orthodontics.

At Fowler Orthodontics, we combine the science of orthodontics with personalized care to ensure your orthodontic treatment is effective, efficient, and as comfortable as possible. Our experienced orthodontists and staff are here to guide you through the process, answer your questions, and help you achieve the confident smile you deserve.

Benefits of Braces

Braces offer numerous benefits beyond just straightening your teeth. At Fowler Orthodontics, we believe that achieving a beautiful and healthy smile can have a positive impact on your overall well-being. Here are some of the key benefits of orthodontic treatment with braces:

Improved Oral Health

Straight teeth are easier to clean and maintain. With braces, you can reduce the risk of gum disease, cavities, and other oral health issues that may arise from misaligned teeth. Good oral hygiene is more accessible when your teeth are properly aligned.

Enhanced Chewing and Speech

Misaligned teeth can affect your ability to chew food properly and may lead to speech difficulties. Braces can help align your bite, making it easier to enjoy a variety of foods and improving your speech clarity.

Increased Self-Confidence

A beautiful smile can boost your self-esteem and self-confidence. Braces not only improve your oral health but also give you the confidence to smile freely and engage with others without feeling self-conscious about your teeth.

Facial Harmony

Properly aligned teeth can contribute to facial harmony. Braces help create a balanced and aesthetically pleasing facial appearance, which can enhance your overall facial features.

Preventing Dental Issues

Addressing orthodontic issues with braces can prevent more significant dental problems in the future. Untreated misalignment can lead to jaw pain, uneven wear on teeth, and even temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disorders. Braces can help avoid these complications.

Preventing Gum Disease

Misaligned teeth can create pockets where food particles and bacteria can accumulate, increasing the risk of gum disease. Straight teeth make it easier to clean between teeth and along the gumline, reducing the chances of gum issues.

Customized Treatment

At Fowler Orthodontics, we provide personalized treatment plans tailored to your unique needs and goals. This individualized approach ensures that your braces treatment addresses your specific orthodontic issues effectively.

Expert Guidance

Our experienced orthodontists and dedicated staff will guide you through every step of your orthodontic journey. From initial consultation to periodic adjustments, we are here to provide expert care and support.

Long-Term Investment

A straight and healthy smile is an investment in your future. Braces provide long-lasting results that can benefit you throughout your lifetime, both aesthetically and functionally.

Comprehensive Orthodontic Solutions

Fowler Orthodontics offers a range of orthodontic solutions, including traditional metal braces, clear braces, and Invisalign, ensuring that you have options that suit your preferences and needs.

Choosing braces at Fowler Orthodontics means choosing a path to improved oral health, increased confidence, and a beautiful smile. Our team is committed to making your orthodontic experience as comfortable and rewarding as possible, helping you achieve the smile you’ve always dreamed of.

Maintaining Braces

While braces are essential for achieving a straight and healthy smile, proper maintenance is crucial to ensure their effectiveness. At Fowler Orthodontics, we understand that maintaining your braces is an integral part of your orthodontic journey. Here are some key tips for taking care of your braces:

Oral Hygiene

Maintaining good oral hygiene is essential when you have braces. Brush your teeth after every meal to prevent food particles from getting trapped in the brackets and wires. Use a soft-bristle toothbrush and fluoride toothpaste, and pay extra attention to cleaning along the gumline and between the wires and teeth.


Flossing with braces can be a bit challenging but is equally important. Use a floss threader or orthodontic floss to clean between your teeth and around the wires. Regular flossing helps prevent plaque buildup, which can lead to gum problems and tooth decay.

Avoid Hard and Sticky Foods

Certain foods can damage your braces or get stuck in them. Avoid hard and sticky foods like nuts, popcorn, chewing gum, and caramel. Opt for softer foods that are less likely to cause damage or become trapped in your braces.

Regular Orthodontic Checkups

Keep your scheduled orthodontic appointments at Fowler Orthodontics. These appointments are essential for adjustments and ensuring that your treatment is progressing as planned. Missing appointments can prolong your treatment time.

Wear Elastics as Prescribed

If your orthodontist has prescribed elastics (rubber bands), wear them according to their instructions. Elastics play a crucial role in aligning your bite and achieving the desired results.

Mouthguards for Sports

If you participate in sports or any physical activities, wearing a mouthguard is essential to protect your braces and teeth from injury. Fowler Orthodontics can provide you with a custom-made mouthguard that fits comfortably over your braces.

Be Mindful of Your Braces

Be conscious of your braces when speaking or chewing. Try to avoid habits like biting your nails, chewing on pens, or using your teeth to open packages, as these can damage your braces.

Follow Dietary Restrictions

Your orthodontist may provide specific dietary guidelines. Adhere to these recommendations to ensure the best results from your braces treatment.

Emergency Care

In case of any issues or emergencies with your braces, contact Fowler Orthodontics immediately for guidance. Do not attempt to adjust or repair your braces on your own.

By following these maintenance tips and maintaining regular communication with Fowler Orthodontics, you can help ensure that your braces treatment progresses smoothly and efficiently. Your dedication to proper care and maintenance will pay off with a beautiful and healthy smile once your treatment is complete.

Treatment Duration

The duration of your orthodontic treatment with braces can vary depending on several factors, including the complexity of your case, your age, and your cooperation with care and maintenance. At Fowler Orthodontics, we aim to provide you with a clear understanding of what to expect in terms of treatment duration.

Typically, braces treatment can last anywhere from 12 to 36 months, with the average being around 18 to 24 months. However, it’s important to remember that every patient’s orthodontic journey is unique, and your treatment plan will be tailored to your specific needs and goals.

Here are some factors that can influence the duration of your braces treatment:

Orthodontic Issues

The type and severity of your orthodontic issues play a significant role. Straightforward cases may require a shorter treatment time, while more complex issues may take longer to address.


Age can impact treatment duration. Adolescents and teenagers often experience faster tooth movement due to their still-developing jaws. Adults may have slightly longer treatment times, but advancements in orthodontic technology have made adult orthodontics more efficient than ever.


Your cooperation with care and maintenance instructions from Fowler Orthodontics is essential. Adhering to oral hygiene practices, wearing elastics as prescribed, and attending scheduled appointments can help ensure your treatment progresses as planned.

Orthodontic Technique

Advances in orthodontic technology and techniques, such as self-ligating braces or Invisalign, may offer shorter treatment times for some patients. Your orthodontist will discuss the best approach for your specific case.

Treatment Goals

Your desired outcome also influences treatment duration. If your goal is minor cosmetic adjustments, your treatment may be shorter. However, if your treatment plan includes more significant corrections or bite adjustments, it may take longer to achieve those goals.

During your initial consultation with Fowler Orthodontics, your orthodontist will assess your orthodontic issues, discuss your treatment goals, and provide you with an estimated timeline for your braces treatment. It’s important to keep in mind that while the duration of treatment is a consideration, the ultimate goal is to achieve a healthy, beautiful smile that lasts a lifetime. Your patience and commitment to your treatment plan will contribute to a successful outcome.


Understanding how braces work and what to expect during your orthodontic journey is crucial for a successful outcome. At Fowler Orthodontics, we are committed to providing you with personalized care and expert guidance throughout your braces treatment.

Braces are a highly effective and time-tested orthodontic solution that can address a wide range of issues, from crooked teeth to bite alignment problems. With the right treatment plan, patience, and commitment to your oral hygiene, you can achieve a beautiful and healthy smile that lasts a lifetime.

If you’re considering braces or have already started your orthodontic journey with us, rest assured that our experienced team is here to support you every step of the way. From the initial consultation to the final removal of your braces, we prioritize your comfort and satisfaction.

If you have any questions or would like to schedule a consultation to discuss your orthodontic needs, please don’t hesitate to contact Fowler Orthodontics. We look forward to helping you achieve the smile of your dreams and providing you with the highest quality orthodontic care available.

Remember, your smile is a reflection of your unique personality, and braces are a tool to help you shine even brighter. Embrace your orthodontic journey with confidence, and let us help you achieve the smile you’ve always wanted.

Thank you for choosing Fowler Orthodontics for your orthodontic care. We can’t wait to see your beautiful, confident smile.