Fowler Orthodontics

5 Common Orthodontic Issues in Children and How to Address Them

As a parent, you want the best for your child’s health, and that includes their oral health. Orthodontic issues can start early, and addressing them promptly can make a world of difference in your child’s smile and overall well-being. 

But let’s be honest, the world of orthodontics can seem a bit daunting at first. You’re probably wondering, “Do braces hurt?” or “What are the common issues in my child’s oral health?”

At Fowler Orthodontics, we understand these concerns and are here to guide you through the process. We believe that knowledge is power, so we’re dedicated to helping you understand the common issues is your child’s oral health and how to address them effectively. 

In this article, we’ll explore five common orthodontic problems and provide you with insights on the best orthodontic treatments for children. So, let’s dive in!

Early Signs of Orthodontic Issues

Catching orthodontic issues early can save a lot of trouble down the road. As a parent, it’s important to be aware of the early signs that might indicate your child needs orthodontic care. 

Early detection not only makes treatment easier but can also prevent more severe problems from developing.

Here are some early signs to look out for:

  • Crowded or Crooked Teeth
  • Excessive Spacing
  • Difficulty Chewing or Biting
  • Mouth Breathing
  • Thumb Sucking or Prolonged Use of Pacifiers
  • Speech Difficulties
  • Early or Late Loss of Baby Teeth

Early intervention can simplify treatment and ensure that your child’s teeth and jaws develop correctly. 

5 Common Orthodontic Issues in Children

Orthodontic issues are more common in children than you might think. Understanding these issues and how they manifest can help you take timely action to ensure your child’s oral health. 

Here are five common orthodontic problems seen in children and how Fowler Orthodontics can help address them:

1. Crowded Teeth

Crowded teeth occur when there isn’t enough space in the jaw for all of the teeth to fit properly. This can cause teeth to overlap, twist, or get pushed to the front or back.

Causes and Symptoms: Crowded teeth can result from genetics, premature loss of baby teeth, or habits such as thumb sucking. Symptoms include difficulty brushing and flossing, frequent biting of the inside of the mouth, and a crooked smile.

How Fowler Orthodontics Addresses It: We use braces or clear aligners to gradually move teeth into their correct positions. In some cases, we may recommend tooth extraction to create space and achieve proper alignment.

2. Overbite

An overbite, or deep bite, is when the upper front teeth overlap significantly over the lower front teeth. This can lead to wear on the lower teeth and other issues.

Causes and Symptoms: Overbites can be caused by genetics, prolonged thumb sucking, or extended use of a pacifier. Symptoms include difficulty biting and chewing, speech problems, and a noticeable protrusion of the upper teeth.

Treatment Options: At Fowler Orthodontics, we offer braces, aligners, and sometimes specialized appliances to gradually move the teeth and jaws into proper alignment.

3. Underbite

An underbite occurs when the lower teeth extend past the upper teeth. This can affect the function and appearance of the teeth and jaw.

Causes and Symptoms: Underbites are usually hereditary but can also result from extended thumb sucking or jaw injury. Symptoms include difficulty chewing, speech issues, and a protruding lower jaw.

Fowler Orthodontics’ Approach: We use braces, clear aligners, and in some cases, orthodontic appliances like expanders or even surgery, to correct underbites and ensure proper alignment.

4. Crossbite

A crossbite is when one or more of the upper teeth bite inside the lower teeth. This can occur at the front or the sides of the mouth.

Causes and Symptoms: Crossbites can result from genetic factors, delayed loss of baby teeth, or abnormal eruption of permanent teeth. Symptoms include uneven wear of the teeth, jaw pain, and sometimes facial asymmetry.

Treatment Methods: Fowler Orthodontics utilizes braces, expanders, and aligners to correct crossbites. Early intervention is crucial to prevent further complications.

5. Spacing Issues

Spacing issues involve gaps or spaces between teeth. While some spacing is normal, excessive gaps can cause problems.

Causes and Symptoms: Spacing issues can be due to missing teeth, smaller teeth, or oversized jaws. Symptoms include aesthetic concerns and potential difficulty with biting and chewing.

How Fowler Orthodontics Can Help: We address spacing issues using braces or clear aligners to close gaps and ensure that teeth are properly aligned.

Understanding these common orthodontic issues can help you recognize potential problems early and seek appropriate treatment.

Preventative Measures

Preventing orthodontic issues before they become serious problems can save time, effort, and discomfort for your child. We believe in the power of prevention and proactive care. 

Here are some effective preventative measures to help maintain your child’s oral health and potentially avoid extensive orthodontic treatments:

Early Orthodontic Evaluation

The American Association of Orthodontists recommends that children have their first orthodontic evaluation by age seven. Early assessments can identify potential issues before they develop into more significant problems.

Regular check-ups allow us to monitor the development of your child’s teeth and jaws, ensuring any emerging issues are addressed promptly.

Good Oral Hygiene Practices

Encourage your child to brush their teeth at least twice a day and floss daily. Proper brushing and flossing techniques help prevent plaque buildup, tooth decay, and gum disease, which can complicate orthodontic treatment.

Schedule regular dental check-ups and cleanings to maintain oral health and catch any issues early.

Healthy Diet

Reducing the intake of sugary foods and drinks can help prevent cavities and other dental issues. Encourage your child to drink water and eat a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and dairy products.

Hard candies, popcorn, and sticky snacks like caramel can damage braces and cause tooth decay. Opt for braces-friendly foods to protect your child’s orthodontic appliances.

Protective Measures for Physical Activities

If your child participates in contact sports or activities, ensure they wear a mouthguard to protect their teeth and braces from injury. Mouthguards can prevent broken brackets, wires, and other dental injuries.

Address Bad Habits

Prolonged thumb sucking and pacifier use can lead to misaligned teeth and jaws. Encourage your child to break these habits early to avoid potential orthodontic issues.

If your child grinds their teeth at night, talk to your orthodontist about solutions such as a nightguard to protect their teeth.

Regular Monitoring and Adjustments

Schedule regular orthodontic check-ups to monitor the progress of your child’s treatment and make any necessary adjustments. This ensures that the treatment stays on track and any issues are addressed promptly.

Encourage your child to follow their orthodontist’s instructions, such as wearing rubber bands or headgear as prescribed. Compliance with treatment plans is crucial for achieving the best results.

By incorporating these preventative measures into your child’s routine, you can help maintain their oral health and reduce the likelihood of needing extensive orthodontic treatments.


Addressing orthodontic issues in children early can make a significant difference in their oral health and overall confidence. By being aware of the common orthodontic problems such as crowded teeth, overbites, underbites, crossbites, and spacing issues, you can take proactive steps to seek the right treatment for your child.

At Fowler Orthodontics, we’re dedicated to providing personalized, comprehensive care tailored to each child’s unique needs. Our approach combines advanced technology, thorough evaluations, and a supportive environment to ensure that every child receives the best possible orthodontic treatment.

If you notice any signs of orthodontic issues in your child or have concerns about their oral health, don’t hesitate to contact us here at Fowler Orthodontics. We’re here to guide you and your child through every step of the orthodontic journey, ensuring a positive experience and a beautiful smile that lasts a lifetime.